SayJack » Japanese

Particle か for Asking Yes-No Questions

To study this grammar point, please make sure you understand the following:

Attach particle at the end of a sentence turns the sentence into a question. Unlike English, the word order of a sentence does not change for a question, and you don’t even need to use question mark at the end of a question.


Particle の for Possessiveness

To study this grammar point, please make sure you understand the following:

Particle indicates ownership by connecting two nouns together.


You may use の more than once in a phrase.

先生の友達の車
A car of teacher’s friend

Particle と for Being Together

To study this grammar point, please make sure you understand the following:

Particle means with when it is used with a noun to indicate being together.

母と病院に行った。
I went to hospital with my mother.

Particle と for Connecting Nouns

To study this grammar point, please make sure you understand the following:

Particle means and to connect two or more nouns. Notice that only nouns (and never phrases) can be connected by と.

英語と日本語を話します。
I speak English and Japanese.
日本と中国は良いです。
Japan and China are good.

Stacking of Particles には、へは、では、にも、へも、でも

To study this grammar point, please make sure you understand the following:

When location is the topic, You can attach the topic particle or to the three particles , or that indicate location.

どこで食べる?
Where shall we eat?
中華料理屋ではどう?
How about Chinese restaurant?

Remember the topic of discussion is a location.

会社に行った?
Did you go to work?
行かなかった。
I didn’t go.
病院には?
What about clinic?
病院にも行かなかった。
I didn’t go to clinic either.

You cannot stack subject particle が with に, へ or で.

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